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Master Of Christian History Lesson 14 - Monasticism Rate Topic: -----

#1 User is offline   Sister Lynne 

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Posted 22 October 2013 - 01:01 PM

Lesson 14 - Monasticism

As the Roman Empire and the Christian Church finally merged and Christians could no longer become a martyr for their faith then self denial became the only way one could deny the flesh and live the life for God. The Roman Empire gradually rotted and monasticism gained more popularity with many people who rejected the society in favor of a life of self-denial and spiritual contemplation. Some people find living a christian life apart from the worldly ways is easier to separate themselves from the world.

In the East Monasticism was unorganized, people just went off and lived in caves or places by themselves. They would practice self-denial, but they were just considered hermits. The first Communal was in Egypt. Then Basil of Casesarea (c.A.D. 330-379) made communal monasticism popular. He was one of the more educat4d and developed some work habits of work, pray, read the Bible and perform good words. He also frowned upon self-denial.

In the West Monasticism was different then in the East, Work and devotional went hand in hand. The colder climate make communal organization very necessary so that warm structures and food could be obtained. Benedict of Nursia (c.A.D. 480-543)horrified by the moral rot of Rome, founded a monastery in Monte Casino, his Benedict's Rule stressed poverty, chastity, and obedience.

The work of the monasteries did a lot of good, better farming methods, scholarship, transcribing and preserving historical records, taking care of the sick, and providing lodging for people who traveled were the many wonderful things that came out of the Monasteries. Then on the other hand many of the best men and women of the Roman Empire were lost to the world as they lived celibate lifestyles that kept them from marriage and having children. Monasticism then only served spiritual pride as the monastics became proud of acts of self-denial. Then the monasteries became wealthy through community thrift and ownership, but the wealth led to laziness, greed and gluttony.

Monastery were under obedience to superiors who eventually gave their allegiance to the Pope.
Pastor Sharon L. Madsen DD
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