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Lesson 18 The Carolingian Empire Rate Topic: -----

#1 User is offline   Rev. Dr. Gary 

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Posted 27 August 2008 - 10:34 AM

This is for questions pertaining to Lesson 18.

1. Is Charlemagne essential for medieval history? Why or why not?

2. What helped the Roman pontiff to become even more powerful and influential in the Carolingian Era?

3. How was Charlemagne
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#2 User is offline   Frank Selden 

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Posted 26 March 2009 - 07:55 AM

[quote name='Rev. Dr. Gary' post='51489' date='Aug 27 2008, 06:34 PM']This is for questions pertaining to Lesson 18.

1. Is Charlemagne essential for medieval history? Why or why not?

Charlemagne is not essential for history but he essentially laid the foundation for what we know as medieval history. Charlemagne
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#3 User is offline   graham 

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Posted 05 April 2009 - 08:43 AM

1. Is Charlemagne essential for mediaeval history? Why or why not?

Clearly, 'mediaeval history' would still have occurred even without the existence of Charlemagne but it would have been arguably very different. Charlemagne laid the foundations of a European institution, the Holy Roman Empire, which was to inform European politics for centuries until its extinction in 1806 at the hands of Napoleon Bonaparte. It is impossible ever to estimate exactly how different an historical period would have been without its foremost players as we can see if we try to imagine the history of Europe without Napoleon and Hitler amongst the dramatis personae!

2. What helped the Roman Pontiffs to become even more powerful and influential in the Carolingian era?

After 590, the Roman Pontiffs came under great pressure in part because of their aggressive claims to spiritual authority and corresponding territorial sway. The Byzantine emperors, however, sought to subordinate church to state and Rome also faced the threat of the Arian Lombards at its gates. The Franks became their unlikely allies despite their Teutonic origins. The ruling elite was quick to adopt Roman customs as they extended their imperiom and in 496 Clovis became a Christian taking his people with him, and those subsequently conquered, by force if necessary. Clovis could not however guarantee competent heirs and it became necessary to establish a parallel power structure, the 'mayors' of the palace, to compensate for their ineptitude. These gradually expanded their power base and in 751, Pepin the Short took the title of King with papal support when Childeric III was deposed. The pope's contribution was rewarded with the Donation of Pepin, territory eventually expanded into the Papal States which the popes controlled as territorial rulers until the Risorgimento of the nineteenth century. The Donation of Constantinople, a fraudulent document, was used to bolster up claims on large tracts of land in eastern Europe, Africa, Italy and the Empire in the West. By the time that this document was definitively accepted as a forgery, in the seventeenth century, it had become irrelevant.

In 768, Charlemagne became King of the Franks and his devotion to Christianity led him to enforce the faith in his dominions. in AD 800, Pope Leo III crowned him Imperator Romanorum in recognition of Charlemagne's services in restoring him to the papal throne after serious unrest in Rome. The concept largely died with Charlemagne as the territories that he had accumulated were dispersed amongst his sons it was revived in 962 in the form of the Holy Roman Empire which lasted until 1806. The HRE was intended to be the secular arm of the papacy so that the spiritual and temporal could work in parallel, although it did not always operate smoothly. Nonetheless, it was a great boost to the Papacy.

3. How was Charlemagne's imperial reign a 'renaissance'?

Charlemagne attempted to make his imperial court a centre of learning and education. Scholars were imported from many parts of Europe including the distinguished Alcuin of York. The Roman higher education curriculum, the trivium and quadrivium, was revived and became the norm in mediaeval universities. Cursive script was developed and classical and Christian learning were studied together giving the opportunity for scholars to compare and analyse both leading to later works such as the Summa Theologica of Aquinas.
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#4 User is offline   dsurvivor 

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Posted 30 April 2009 - 11:06 AM

1. Is Charlemagne essential for medieval history? Why or why not?

Yes. The Dark Ages were a time of turmoil in Europe. It was a time when education and learning was at a low point. It was considered a dark time by the church because to the church leaders, Europe was
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#5 User is offline   Edward lindsay 

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Posted 21 April 2010 - 11:48 PM

1. yes his influence permitted all human endeavors in western Europe and he was a warrior he won over fifty campaigns to stop the anarchy within his kingdom to enlarge borders into Italy and Germany and spread Christianity among the Saxons by force. His coronation reconciled the united people of the former Roman Empire with the Teutonic conqueror it stopped the Byzantine Emperor from regaining those areas lost to the Barbarians in the west.


2. Pepin the Short adid Pope Zacharias against the Lombard's who were threating Papal authority in Italy. The land grant known as the donation of Pepin had special meaning to the people of Rome this led to the foundation that would become the Papal states in earlier writings was known as the donation of Constantine.


3. He tried to unite the East and the West into one Empire that would cover most of the former Roman Empire and he started an Education system for royal families and Nobles.
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#6 User is offline   William 

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Posted 04 June 2013 - 08:35 AM

1. He united the Papal States.... He also solidified the idea of subordinating power to the church. Government should remain in charge.

2. Pope Zachary gave support to defend against Lombards.

3. His rule brought about an organized government and establishment of Roman power in the west while defeating the hordes. He also tried to unite the East and Western Roman empire by a proposed marriage to Irene the empress of the Byzantine empire.
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