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#1 User is offline   Rev. Joy 

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Posted 30 August 2016 - 11:29 AM

Questions Lesson 12 - Church in Council

1. 1. Howwas the convening of ecumenical councils to settle theological rows beneficialto both church and state?

The Councils were presided over by the Emperor of the timeso the state had a say in what ever the church doctrine we to be. This would ensure that the Church policieswere beneficial to the state and avoid any conflicts over the Church trying toside step policies of the State in that time. It also allowed the Church to receive funds from the State. Win, Win for both sides.

2. 2. Whatwere the rows over the Trinity and the natures of Christ and how were theysettled?

After the persecution around A.D. 319 to AD 325 it was verydebated. It even got some kicked out ofthe Church and was causing a split in the Church its self. Some of the questions were had Christ as somebelieved always been around and part of God and was the Holy Spirit a separate person.It wasn’t until A.D. 325 when Constantine had 300 bishops meet. This meetinggave rise to what is now our modern Apostles Creed. Most of the rows were settled by A.D. 451.

3. How did the theological row between Augustine andPelagius illustrate the practical approach of the Western church thinkers asopposed to the Eastern church thinkers? What impact do the views of Pelagiusand Augustine still have on the Christian church today?

The western thinks were more aliened with Augustine and hisview of grace over humanity view helped by Pelagius. With the heart of the matter dealing withfree will of man an original sin. Wassin from Adam or do we have free will to live morally and with our free will wehave the ability to do so. WhereAugustine felt we all have sinned and its only by grace we can ever do awaywith sin. Pelagius felt we do not needgrace to able to perform Gods commands.

I believe the problems between the two, lead to thedifferent denominations we have today as they all have varying parts of the twodoctrines that make them up.


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