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Lesson 20 -The Great Schism Of 1054 Rate Topic: -----

#1 User is offline   Rev. Joy 

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Posted 09 September 2016 - 02:51 PM

Lesson 20 Questions and Answers

Master of Christian History

Sept 9th, 2016 Rev. Joy Maestas



Questions

1. Whatwas the nature of and what things contributed to a renewal in the Westernchurch in the period immediately prior to the Great Schism of 1054?



The Western church was more orthodox andstood up to the imperial meddling of the day. They kept spiritual separate from political. Therenewal was not necessarily spiritual a lot of it was fighting with thestate. Some of this included land ownership.Some was over who could appoint bishops. But this lead the Western to make thepontiff more powerful and when Scandinavia became Christian it, made the Romanpontiff even more powerful. Reformingthe Monasteries and setting down the doctrine of the Mass, who could perform itand give the Holy Communion. All this waspart of the renewal of the Western church before the Great Schism of 1054.



2. Whatthings made the Great Schism of 1054 almost inevitable? What event became the“straw that broke the camel’s back”?



Because the East was under control of the Byzantine emperors and the Westhad no political rival on the imperial throne this caused problems between thetwo. When Emperor Theodosius I put theoversight of the East and West under different people in A.D. 395 they had twodifferent approaches to dealing with earthly and spiritual power.



The west had their services in Latin and did not have any difficulty inputting together orthodox teaching. TheEast was using Greek and philosophy to solve theological issues. The debates over theological issues came fromthe East. Some things they approacheddifferently were, Celibacy, clergy marriage, beards and adding the filioqueclause to its version of the Nicene Creed. Procession of the Holy Spirit from the Son wasanother contention. Other issues werewhen to celebrate Easter and pictures or images in church. These differences made it most inevitablethat the Schism would occur



A very minor issued cause the “straw that broke the camel’s back” andthis was using unleavened bread in the Eucharist. The western church had been doing this sincethe 9th century A.D.





3. Whatwere the consequences of the Great Schism of 1054, especially as it related toEastern Christianity?



Someof the consequences for the East was it did not grow, it missed the growing oftowns, nations and the middle class. Missed the culture that the Renaissance had to offer and missed thereformation completely. Unfortunately thismade a way for the spread of Islam and caused the Eastern Church to lose people. Where once it had been on the front line informing Christian theology it was now hardly looked at.








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